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Physician New to Canada? What you need to know about Canadian Personal Taxes.
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Are you a physician that moved to Canada in the last year? If so, these are some things that you should know about filing your first Canadian Personal Tax Return:
When are Canadian taxes due?
Canadian personal taxes are calculated based on income earned between January 1st and December 31st each year.
Your personal tax return must be filed with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) by:
- April 30th of the following year, if you are not self-employed.
For example, if you were a resident physician in 2022 and only had employment income, your 2022 personal tax return must be filed by April 30, 2023.
- June 15th of the following year, if you are self-employed.
For example, if you earned fee-for-service income in 2022, your 2022 personal tax return must be filed by June 15, 2023.
If you owe taxes, you must pay the tax balance by April 30th of the following year regardless of your filing deadline.
As a result, even if you did earn self-employment income in 2022 and have the June 15, 2023 filing deadline, it is best to start preparing your personal tax return well before April 30, 2023. This will ensure that if you have a tax balance owing to the CRA, you have ample time to make the payment before April 30th.
How are Canadian Personal Taxes Calculated?
Income Earned Before Becoming a Canadian Resident:
Any income earned prior to your move to Canada would not be taxable on your first Canadian personal tax return. However, you must still report this amount to the CRA.
The amount of income that you earned between January 1st and the date that you entered Canada is used to calculate certain personal tax credits, so your accountant will ask you to provide them with the amount of income that you earned prior to living in Canada as well as the income that you earned from the date that entered Canada.
Income Earned After Becoming a Canadian Resident:
Your Canadian personal taxes will be calculated based on your world-wide income from the date that you became a Canadian Resident.
For example, if you moved to Canada during 2022 but continued to earn income in your previous country of residence after your move to Canada, the income would be taxed on your 2022 Canadian personal tax return.
Canadian personal taxes are calculated on a graduated scale. The calculation is explained in detail in our Basic Overview of Canadian Personal Taxes – Bokhaut CPA Inc article.
Other Things to Consider:
If you hold “property” in another country with a total cost* of more than $100,000 CAD, you will need to file an annual Foreign Income Verification Statement.
“Property” includes, but is not limited to:
- Rental properties
- Vacant land
- Life insurance policies
The Foreign Income Verification Statement does not result in any additional taxes, however if the statement is not filed on time, it can result in significant penalties.
For your first year in Canada, you are exempt from filing this form. However, any income earned from these properties in the tax year will need to be reported on your Canadian personal tax return if it was earned after the date that you entered Canada.
*The “cost” of the property would be calculated as the Fair Market Value of the property at the date that you came to Canada (converted into Canadian dollars at that same date).
In Canada you are allowed to claim moving expenses if you moved at least 40kms closer to your place of work.
Unfortunately, the move from another country to Canada, generally does not qualify for this moving expense deduction as those moving expenses are a cost of immigration.
There are a lot of things to consider when filing your first Canadian personal tax return, as a result we highly recommend that you consult a tax professional.
* This article was prepared on February 16, 2023. Content is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be used as professional advice. Each taxpayer’s circumstances are unique. Bokhaut CPA makes no representation as to the accuracy and completeness of the information in this article and will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information.
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